Enablers affecting Regulating and Standardisation bodies

Regulating and Standardisation
Standardisation organization is typically a non-profit organization where individual companies collaborate in developing standards used throughout the concerned industry e.g. CIRM for marine electronics companies. Regulating body refers to international organisations in the maritime field such as IMO and IALA.
EN-005 – Establish standards and guidelines for information transfer/exchanges
Develop and anchor standards and guidelines.

A standard voyage exchange format is established to be used in different services using parts of voyage exchange format in its realization. The voyage exchange format builds further on the route exchange format.

EN-020 – Develop a sufficient format for ship-ship Route Exchange
Standard IEC 61174 ed 4 needs to complemented with a format for the exchange of a route segment in AIS ASM compatible format.
EN-024 – Harmonise with the guidelines of VTS A857(20) ~1996
Add procedure in IALA VTS operating procedures
EN-039 – Establish standards for different segments of the voyage plan that needs to be developed.
Specification and standard of the initial Voyage object.
EN-044 – Harmonised with Single Window, SafeSeaNet by using voyage information and geo-location
Directive 2010/65/EU of the European Parliament and the Council Decision of 20 October 2010 on reporting formalities for ships arriving in and/or departing from ports of the Member States and repealing Directive 2002/6/EC: It should be noted that this Directive aims to simplify and harmonise the administrative procedures applied to maritime transport by establishing a standard electronic transmission of information and by rationalising reporting formalities for ships arriving in and ships departing from European Union (EU) ports. EU countries shall accept electronic reports via a single window as soon as possible and, at the latest, by 1 June 2015. The single window will be the place where all information is reported once and made available to various competent authorities and the EU countries. EU countries must ensure that information received in accordance with reporting formalities is made available in their national SafeSeaNet systems and make available parts of such information to other EU countries via the SafeSeaNet system.
EN-045 – SeaSWIM System & Rule book (auth. For use of information)
The establishment of SeaSWIM has to address the creation of an appropriate organisational structure for the implementation and operation SeaSWIM; legal basis for the implementation of SeaSWIM would be made possible by the Rule Book or the SeaSWIM contract. The Rule Book would ensure a clear environment ensuring the trust of the involved stakeholders.
EN-046 – Automated reporting ammended to SOLAS and IMO Convention
IMO Convention provisions tailored to accommodate the new concepts, namely SOLAS Reg V/28+ IMO FAL convention.
EN-051 – Improved contracts including clauses that establish terms for implementing right steaming.
Port call synchronization and green / right steaming requires a change in existing contract templates (charter parties) providing incentives for just-in-time approaches and establishing / communicating / committing to port of readiness.
EN-053 – Standardised Port Call Message Format
A standardised port call format is to be established supporting the ship-to-shore, shore-to-ship, and shore-to-shore interaction supporting port call synchronization.
EN-074 – Define standard for dynamic area information
This is a new area that needs to be specified
Could be part of IHO S 121
EN-076 – Amend revised performance standards (resolution MSC.232(82)) to display dynamic areas on ECDIS
Functional requirement for displaying safety information
EN-090 – Liability regime for shore-based navigational assistance
A liability regime, possibly through a contractual arrangement, needs to be established. The liability questions is anticipated to be similar to liability issues for existing VTS and pilotage services.
EN-113 – Authorisation of service providers
The national competent authority, NCA, issues authorization to service provider following the standardised procedures and values.
EN-114 – Format standardisation of vessel particulars and manoeuvring characteristics
The standard is a subset of the Voyage Information format standard. Covers all facts and specefications of the vessel needed for carrying out STM services (e.g Voyage Optimisation, Port call Synchronisation, etc). Exisisting services like Q88.com, SIRE, FairPlay.
EN-115 – Area information available in standard format
Nautical information of an area should be available in a standard format. Today, it is in paper form or not standard format.
EN-117 – Route Exchange Format
All manufacturers of ECDIS and NAV systems have their own format elaborating and presenting routes. In order to eliminate errors and misinterpretations a new standardized format (IEC 61174 ed 4) has been developed within the Monalisa Project and can now freely be used by any vendor.
EN-119 – Description of actors responsibilities
Definition of roles, consider VTS TOS
EN-128 – Common (standard) format of voyage ID
A common format for voyage id�s is essential to ensure that relevant actors share information about the same unit of analysis, the voyage, and to enable that information associated with the voyage can be bundled to one and the same voyage. Such common format must be established and acknowledged by key actors in the maritime sector.
EN-130 – Governance body of Voyage IDs
Establish organisation that will have the overall responsibility of governing voyage IDs from time of registering the voyage till the end of that voyage.
EN-131 – Neutral and trusted body for SeaSWIM
The establishment of SeaSWIM has to address the creation of an appropriate organisational structure for the implementation and operation of SeaSWIM function. Careful consideration must be given regarding the SeaSWIM organisation’s mission, actions, structure and performance. All the indicated aspects are important for the organisation to be viewed as trustworthy and reliable, which contribute to it being accorded legitimacy for it to be trusted by businesses and authority.
EN-134 – Issuer of Voyage ID
Identify or establish organisation(s) that is responsible of issuing Voyage ID’s.

The issuer of voyage ID�s is the one that associate a certain ID to the voyage. The preferred way is to allow the actor that initiate a voyage to have his/her own number serie of voyage ID�s granted by the governance body (see EN-130).

EN-142 – Quality standards for SeaSWIM enabled services
Quality standards indicating requirements, specifications, guidelines or characteristics must be identified to ensure that the SeaSWIM services are fit for each of their purpose. Such standards are generally referred to as the evaluative standards that enable the users to assess service providers and their service quality. The discussion on quality standards also leads to the process of certification that is used to demonstrate compliance with the standards. It has been defined as �the successful conclusion of a procedure to evaluate whether or not an activity actually meets a set of requirements�. Certification simply refers to quality assurance which can either be provided by the service provider itself or by an assessment by a third party.
EN-143 – Regulations of historic routes usage
For providing historical data, regulations for third party usage must be established, e.g. commercial sensitive data.
EN-152 – Service specification standards
The specification of SeaSWIM services, core and STM-compliant services, builds upon a standardized service specification language. The language constitutes the ontology of how to describe a service.
EN-164 – Develop guidelines for liability and responsibility for voyage information correctness in STM
Guidelines for liability and responsibility to ensure voyage information correctness need to be established. The source of voyage information, and thereby the one that regulates the management of voyage information by others, is the shipping company. The shipping company is the owner of voyage information why there needs to be routines established to ensure that the information associated with the voyage is managed in a correct way (see EN-109).
EN-172 – Standardised certification protocol for onboard cross-check of routes
IMO to issue standards for this cross-check protocol and to be implemented in IMO 893(21).
EN-188 – Incentives for participating in route cross-check
To share routes or route segments is a cornerstone in enhancing several services described in STM. To increase incentives for route exchange it is important that ships/shipping companies receives benefits from sharing their route. Examples of incentives could be reduced need for manual reporting, or coastal/port states discount on fairway, pilotage or port fees. Also insurance companies, getting benefits from increases safety, may offer incentives for ships.that take part in route exchange and associated services like enhanced monitoring and route cross-checking.
EN-199 – Revision of IMO regulations for TSS areas
Dynamic separation of traffic, when traffic density is low and safety precautions allows it, requires revision of IMO regulations for TSS and possibly other ships routeing sytems
EN-206 – Established federation for definition of data to share
Established federation for the definition of which data to share and to quality assure that information sharing is made in a trustworthy way,
EN-026 – Define guidelines and criteria for Route Exchange
Guideline, procedures and criterias needs to be developed with regards to number of waypoints to be exchanged, etc. The procedures and criterias needs to tested and validated in testbeds and simulator trials.
EN-031 – Process for nominating actors.
Develop procedures on how the nomination of collaborators are to be executed.

All actors within the STM needs to be identified in order for the collaborators to �discover� them and for the STM information system to know where and to who the information is to be distributed.

EN-079 – Establish procedures for production and distribution of dynamic area information
Operating procedures for shore based personnel.
EN-083 – Standard Operating Procedures for route monitoring
Add procedure in IALA VTS operating procedures
EN-089 – Route Exchange : New procedures for VTS and other monitoring bodies and for officers onboard the vessels
Modernise todays procedures
EN-122 – Standard operating procedures for flow optimisation
Procedures for onboard, shore and ship shore interaction. Use and update IALA VTS TOS procedures
EN-129 – Framework for actor characterisation
The identity registry needs to be structured in accordance with actor characteristics. The role of a certain actors in the Sea Traffic Management ecosystem forms the basis of such characterization (as e.g. port, port actor, etc.) and then further appropriate specialisations.
EN-138 – Procedures and framework for service publication
A commonly accepted process for including a service in the service registry of a particular service as it has been approved for being provided in the STM eco-system.
EN-139 – Procedures and rules for issuing and using Voyage ID are in place
Develop procedures and rules on how to issue and use Voyage ID�s.

Procedures and rules for EN-134 as well as regulating the use of voyage IDs (such as e.g. for how long voyage ID�s should be possible to access after the voyage has been conducted).

EN-140 – Process/procedure for provisioning and consumption of SeaSwim Information services
Services constitute the core of the service-oriented-architecture applied in SeaSWIM allowing possible [peer-to-peer] interactions between information providers and information consumers. In order to allow for the provisioning and consumption of services, as carriers of the information being exchanged/shared, processes/procedures of how to publish and discover services need to be defined (as e.g. how does the process look for including a service in the service registry and for discovering a particular service).
EN-141 – Process/procedure for Service specification language changes
In order to allow changes of the service specification language and keep the language up-to-date, there has to be processes/procedures for how to change the service specification language
EN-146 – Service approval process
For each area of operations, i.e. in the coverage of the different concepts, there needs to be service approval processes established in which proposed services need to be met by certain criteria agreed among the members of the federation (such as the Port CDM council).
EN-149 – Service feedback process
Established routines for how to feedback reviews, based primarily on use, to the service provider
EN-153 – Service validation tools
In order to drive continual quality development and continuous improvement of services there will be tools associated with STM that allow for validating/assessing the used services. This both concern the possibility for �letting the crowd� give their remarks on used services as well as statistics for usage. The result of the validation is an important input for the process of improving existing services (service lifecycle management) by the service provider.
EN-154 – SLA models for provisioning and consumption of SeaSWIM enabled services
Establishing a set of specefications of how SeaSWIM enabled information services shall perform, in order to qualify as SeaSWIM service (availability, performance, data quality etc).
EN-174 – SOP for route cross-check by route exchange
Route cross-check is a new service made possible by route exchange and new procedures for ship and shore interaction is needed.
EN-205 – Common understanding of timelines for optimized performance in multimodal integration
To develop a common model for understanding the effects of delays on available resources and efficiency in the process of arrival and departure in ports.
EN-121 – New tools for operators providing shorebased traffic synchronisation.
New roles or organisations providing shore based assistance (e.g. VTS) or monitoring services.
EN-042 – Enable digital signature and control procedures to assess and check the declaration
As a complement to the Identity management services described in EN-125, SeaSwim will support the possibility to digitally sign the receiving or publication of a certain set of information. This will enable the digitalisation of documents which today needs a physical signature, and also provide digitally signed acknowledgements of crucial data (warnings, nautical updates etc.)
EN-084 – Automatic nomination granting access to route/voyage information by geo-location.
Functionality in SeaSwim (connectors) to add option of Auto-nomination of geo-location based actors (e.g. VTS, Ports, SRS, reporting areas).
EN-127 – Actor identity information services (provisioning and consumption)
The identity registry need to be kept up-to-date and have such a status that it becomes used. This requires services for provisioning and consuming actor identities. To identify and qualify a certain actor as an identity in the identity registry existing registries, as managed by diverse associations, forms an important basis.
EN-133 – Implement standards for dynamic area information dissemination and acknowledgement, on-shore and onboard
This is a new area that needs to be specified.
Could be part of IHO S 121
EN-145 – Service access classification framework
A framework supporting the implementation of SeaSWIM access management for SeaSWIM enabled information services (who, what, when, with what usage rights)
EN-147 – Service catalogue information service
A list of what information services (types) are available in SeaSWIM
EN-148 – Service discovery mechanism (service)
A generic functionality in SeaSwim enabling the discovery of a service as the carrier of the information that is requested. E.g a port will be able through its SeaSwim connector, subscribe for VoyageID�s with planned destination to the port, without knowing anything about logical or physical address where the information can be retrieved. That information is provided by the service discovery mechanism.
EN-151 – Service registry
An univeseral service registry provides a list of all services possible to access when certain criteria are met � such as e.g. geographical region.
EN-159 – Technical infrastructure of identity registry
The identity registry constitute one of the core enablers in the information sharing environment. High accessability is therefore required enabled by a good technical infrastructure.
EN-170 – Automated Single Window
The term Automated Single Windows refer to when the national reporting infrastructures (today referred as Single Window, NSW), have the capability to subscribe for the required information directly from SeaSwim. A route published by a ship, with a destination in any port state, would (if the option of Auto-nominate is set, give automatic notification to the NSW of the destination port state, enabling them to retrieve the information needed.
EN-189 – ECDIS systems updated to be Route Exchange Format compatible
Actual implementation of Route Exchange Format in various equipment on board and on shore.
EN-195 – Digitised nautical information available
The nautical information, today broadcasted, in non-machine readable format, will be digitised in standardised formats, so that the information can be automatically imported in any bridge system supporting these standards.

Status: IHO ongoing work

EN-196 – Geo-located information service
Standards and technology for store/publish/share information valid for a specific area or place. There should be a possibility to match any route or location, and use as an index or key for obtaining data in the service providing the geo-located information.
EN-200 – Shoreside equipment upgrade to be Route Exchange Format compatible
To reach full benefits from the STM concept both ships and shore centres need to have systems that are STM and Route exchange compatible
EN-204 – Interoperable platforms between different transportation systems
Interoperable platforms for sharing information between different transportation systems
EN-019 – Voyage Id Service
The objective is to provide unique voyage identity.
EN-029 – SeaSWIM Identity Registry
The objective is to manage an identity registry of maritime actors providing access rights to services.
EN-150 – SeaSWIM Portfolio Management service
The objective is a lifecycle approach to the facilitation of the development, publishing, maintenance, use and liquidation of services necessary for the functionality of SeaSWIM.
EN-171 – SeaSWIM Access Management
The objective is to provide functionality to access services and information sources based on the desires of the service provider to enable trusted information exchange.
EN-179 – Area Management service
The objective is to establish a single page for updated:
– Legal and environmental requirements,
– Nautical information, which is today contained in Pilot books,
– Environmental information e.g weather, ice, currents, tidal water, and
– Safety warning.
EN-186 – Route Exchange Service
The objective is to enhance the situational awareness by providing surrounding vessels routes and displaying them on onboard ECDIS or shore based equipment.

A common route exchange format for route sharing between ship and shore.

EN-191 – SeaSWIM or equivalent Services
A set of services within SeaSWIM or other providers will have to be developed for the full implementation of the nomination process, including automatic nomination. Geo-location of; reporting lines, regulation, entering- or leaving, depth restrictions and so on, in addition to time-regulations (ETA-dependent) will need to be established in order for the full implementation of the nomination process.